The Caucasus Mountains stretch along a line miles 1, kilometers long between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea, and the region includes the southwestern corner of the Russian Federation. The Caucasus region has a long history of conflict and bloodshed among its peoples. The ethnic complexity of the Caucasus is unequalled in Eurasia, and there are nearly sixty distinct peoples living in the area, and fifty languages originate from the region. Many of these groups are quite small in population, yet they have been able to retain their distinct languages and cultures. The Caucasus is the most politically unstable region of the former Soviet Union. Since , the region has been the site of five wars, including two within the territory of the Russian Federation: the North Ossetian—Ingush war and the Chechen—Russian war — The Chechens live in a small territory called Chechnya that lies within the Russian Federation along the border with Georgia. The Caucasus Mountains protect them not only from enemies but from outside influences in general.
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The Chechen government is building mosques in every village, prayer rooms in public schools, and enforcing a stricter Islamic dress code for both men and.
Chechens are Muslims. The isolated terrain of the Caucasus mountains and the strategic value outsiders have placed on the areas settled by Chechens has contributed much to the Chechen community ethos and helped shape its fiercely independent national character. Chechen society has traditionally been egalitarian and organized around many autonomous local clans, called teips.
Although “Chechan” Chechen was a term used by Chechens to denote a certain geographic area, the Nakh people historically always called themselves “Nakhchiy” Highland dialects or “Nokhchiy” Lowland dialects. The term “Nakhchiy” has also been connected to the nation of Nakhchamatyan mentioned in the 7th century and Nakhchivan ancient Armenian city by many Soviet and modern historians, but the last two hypothesis are greatly criticised.
However, Chechen manuscripts in Arabic from the early s mention a certain “Nakhchuvan” near modern day Kagizman , Turkey as the homeland of all Nakhchiy. The etymology of the term “Nakhchiy” is believed to be “Nakh” people and “Chuo” territory. The Chechens are mainly inhabitants of Chechnya. There are also significant Chechen populations in other subdivisions of Russia especially in Aukh part of modern day Dagestan , Ingushetia and Moscow.
Outside Russia, countries with significant diaspora populations are Kazakhstan, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Arab states especially Jordan and Iraq : those in Iraq and Jordan are mainly descendants of families who had to leave Chechnya during the Caucasian War , which led to the annexation of Chechnya by the Russian Empire around , while those in Kazakhstan originate from the ethnic cleansing of the entire population carried out by Joseph Stalin and Lavrentiy Beria in Tens of thousands of Chechen refugees settled in the European Union and elsewhere as the result of the recent Chechen Wars , especially in the wave of emigration to the West after Chechens are a Nakh people , and discussion of their origins is intertwined with the discussion of the mysterious origins of Nakh peoples as a whole.
The only three surviving Nakh peoples are Chechens, Ingush and Bats , but they are thought by some scholars to be the remnants of what was once a larger family of peoples. The Nakh languages are a subgroup of Northeast Caucasian , and as such are related to Nakho-Dagestanian family, including the languages of the Avars , Dargins , Lezghins , Laks , etc.
Human rights group reports new wave of Chechnya gay abuse
Human Rights Watch said it interviewed four gay men who reported fleeing the conservative, predominantly Muslim region after police allegedly beat and shocked them with electric currents while they were strung up by the legs. In , activists said more than gay men were detained and tortured in Chechnya, and that some were killed. There was no immediate comment on the report from Chechen officials, who rejected the allegations in Human Rights Watch said in its report that the men it interviewed told of being beaten, humiliated and held for up to 20 days with limited water.
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Sasha Ingber. Around 40 people have been detained and another two killed in the latest crackdown on Chechnya’s LGBT community, Russian activists say. Authorities detained an administrator of a social media group on Russia’s VKontakte, where homosexual men from the North Caucasus communicated, the network says. Mass detentions began after authorities accessed the administrator’s contacts through his phone, according to The Associated Press.
Authorities in Chechnya — a southwestern republic in Russia known for being conservative and predominantly Muslim — have denied targeting the LGBT community. Ramzan Kadyrov, its leader, told the Interfax news agency in that gay people simply do not exist: “In Chechen society, there is no such thing as nontraditional orientation,” he said. The group says it has relocated people who were living in danger. Still, local police make “every effort to prevent victims from leaving the region or applying to the courts in the future,” says the group’s head, Igor Kochetkov.
In , Chechen police and military officials rounded up men they suspected of being gay, tortured them with electric devices and encouraged family members to engage in honor killings, according to The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. It released a report on human rights violations in Russia last month. One witness said that police officers told relatives, “Either you kill your kid or we will do it for you. His identity was not disclosed because although he was then living in Moscow, he feared for his life.
U.S. imposes sanctions on Chechen leader over human rights violations
The ongoing rise of feminism in the West leads many single men who share traditional family values to bitter disappointment in their local dating scene. Fortunately, there are many places in the world where these values are still very much alive, and such a gentleman has every opportunity to take advantage of it. Chechnya is one of the places where men are still breadwinners and protectors of the families. And women there stick to the traditionally female role of keeping the house truly a home and to their femininity in general.
Chances are you still remember the news stories about wars in Chechnya and the struggle of this little but proud nation to survive during the hard times.
the leader of Russia’s southern region of Chechnya, barring him from traveling for numerous gross violations of human rights dating back more than a insurgency in the mainly Muslim North Caucasus region, but human.
It is only fair to mention the two factors on my end which contributed to this. They are also responsible for unwanted outcomes in places other than Chechnya. But, from time to time, curiosity collides clumsily into cultural faux pas with consequences ranging from comically amusing to mildly distressing. In Chechnya, they were to lead more often than not to the latter. Perhaps I can be blamed for being overly curious? I will not challenge this. The second factor, however, is wholly outside my control.
Chechnya: an honest overview of my trip last summer (Part 1 of 2)
I t was just after lunchtime on the day Amin Dzhabrailov was taken. A woman who was about to get married had come to the salon in the Chechen capital of Grozny where he worked, and the two were happily chatting as he colored her hair. Then, he recalls, three men in uniform barged in, asking for him by name. Soon, Dzhabrailov was being hauled outside, handcuffed and thrust into the back of a car. It was hot. He is also one of the first to go on the record about his experience and reveal his identity in the media, though he fears retaliation against himself and his family.
Despite international attention and outcry that followed the purge — including calls for Russian officials to investigate reported lawlessness and misbehavior among Chechen law enforcement — human rights organizations say another anti-gay sweep took place in late and early
Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov has been ruling this predominantly Muslim region of Russia for more than a decade. Credit: Pavel Golovkin/.
For young girls in Chechnya the most innocent act could be seen as a violation of the rules. A Chechen girl caught smoking is cause for arrest; while rumors of a couple having sex before marriage can result in an honor killing. The few girls who dare to rebel become targets in the eyes of Chechen authorities. After nearly two decades of war and 70 years of Soviet rule, during which religious participation was banned, modern-day Chechnya is going through an Islamic revival.
The Chechen government is building mosques in every village, prayer rooms in public schools, and enforcing a stricter Islamic dress code for both men and women. I traveled to Chechnya over the course of two years and watched as the republic transformed with Chechen authorities enforcing a compulsory Islamic dress code for women and condoning violent attacks on women deemed immodestly dressed. This is an exploration of the lives of young Muslim girls who witnessed the horrors of two wars and are now coming of age in a republic that is rapidly redefining itself as a Muslim state.
A young girl wraps a head scarf in her home. The head covering is a sharp break in tradition from the previous generation. A couple on a date in the village of Serzhen-Yurt. Couples must meet in public and sit a distance from one another.